1. one can resist evil without resorting to violence.
2. nonviolence seeks to win the friendship and understanding of the opponent, not to humiliate him.
3 evil itself, not the people committing evil acts, should be opposed
4 those committed to nonviolence must be willing to suffer without retaliation as suffering itself can be redemptive
5 nonviolent resistance avoids external physical violence and internal violence of spirit as well.
6 the nonviolent resister must have a deep faith in the future, stemming from the conviction that the universe is on the side of justice.